Section 8: Tips on preparing specific foods

Bone broth, beans, lentils, quick breads, seafood, teas, one-pot meals…

Bone, vegetable and herbal broth

Q: Why does bone broth in a clay pot take less time?

A: Bone broths that take 12-24 hours in stainless or a slow cooker can be done in 3-4 hours in an MEC clay pot – because of the far infrared heat.

According to the directions of another brand of clay pot, chicken broth takes 12 hours – this means the infrared heat is not as strong as MECs.

Q: I thought that a boil meant that the food is cooked, so why do I boil bones for 15-30 minutes?

A: Usually a boil means that food is cooked. In the case of animal bones, nutrients are still being extracted and the additional boil time makes the end product more nutritious.

Q: In a metal pot, the broth is not suppose to go above a very gentle simmer. Why can broth be allowed to boil in a clay pot?

A: With metal cookware, instructions say to bring broth up to a boil, and immediately turn it down to a gentle simmer. This is because the near infrared heat is very destructive, and it needs to be turned down as to not destroy nutrients.

With clay the far infrared heat which brings the pot to a boil does not destroy nutrients, so the broth can remain at a boil with no problem.

Q: Why don’t you need to add an acid to help draw minerals out of the bones?

A: MEC’s far infrared heat penetrates deep and can draw the minerals out. It draws the minerals out much better than acids such as apple cider vinegar.

See my post Homemade Bone Broth in a Clay Pot: It’s More Gelatinous.

Q: Should I cook rice, grains, soups, etc. using canned/packaged broth as the liquid?

A: Canned/packaged broth is unhealthy, Miriam says to skip it and just add water instead. Many recipes call for added broth instead of water. With metal pots you need the added flavor. Not so with clay.

Q: What is the simplest (and freshest) way to make broths?

A: Broth can be made as part of your cooking process.


  • Add broken off fibrous asparagus stems to cooking water and cook until very tender. Remove the stems and add grains or soup ingredients.
  • Add lots of vegetables to your pot. The pot will naturally make the broth for you.
  • Add a chicken foot or bone to a dish you are already cooking. If the cooking time is short, perhaps you want to start cooking the bone before other ingredients are added.

Q: Since you’re recommending broth as part of the cooking process, do you ever recommend making broth by itself?

A: Yes, when you want to take the broth as a drink – possibly when someone is not feeling well.

Beans, lentils, peas

Why clay is better than pressure cooking

If cooking legumes for later use

  • Follow “Cooking instructions for legumes” below and stop at step 8.
  • The water left from cooking the beans does not need to be discarded to prevent beans from causing flatulence like it does in a metal pot. You can use the remaining water for soups, stews or curries. See Not so when cooked in clay (MEC).

Cooking instructions for legumes

The instructions below provide more details on Miriam’s Sambar recipe. Read her Sambar recipe first – click previous link.

  1. Select an appropriate clay pot size. When all ingredients are added, the pot should be no more than 1/2 full. Beans need expansion room and air space. If the pot is too full, the beans will not get soft. With rice and other dishes, the pot can be 3/4 full.
  2. Wash the legumes thoroughly in 1-2 changes of water.
  3. Soaking the legumes is usually not necessary. See Cooking Healthy Beans & Lentils: Different Types, Cooking time, Nutritional Value & Taste (MEC). However, it depends on the type of legumes as well as what they are cooked with. For example garbanzo, kidney and black-eyed beans normally need soaking. If you cook them with double the amount of lentils, then no need to soak the these tough beans AND the beans cook in less time than they would have if you had cooked beans by themselves. Perhaps this is because the evenness of the heat speeds the process? I made Miriam’s Sambar recipe with American garbanzo beans and lentils, and was very pleasantly surprised when my unsoaked garbanzo beans were nicely cooked. This takes last minute vegetarian cooking to a new level.
  4. Water ratios
    If you put too much water, the pot will take too long to heat up and cook. If you put too little water, the legumes don’t have room to move when they cook, and they don’t have necessary water to absorb during cooking.

    It’s a good idea to check the legumes once or twice during cooking just to make sure they have enough water.

    The ratios below apply if the beans are soaked or not soaked.
    • Lentils
      • 2 – 2.5 cups water : 1 cup lentils
      • or place lentils in the pot and cover with water so that when touching the top lentils with your index fingertip the water level is up to your 1st index finger knuckle.
    • Beans
      • 3.5 cups water : 1 cup lentils
      • or place beans in the pot and cover with water so that when touching the top lentils with your index fingertip the water level is up to your 2nd index finger knuckle.
    • 2/3 lentils; 1/3 beans
      • 3 cups water : 1 cup lentils
      • or place beans in the pot and cover with water so that when touching the top lentils with your index fingertip the water level is between your 1st and 2nd index finger knuckles.
  5. Start the cooking process on low heat (#2) for 5-10 minutes.
  6. Open the lid and see if there’s any beans that have risen to the top. If so, remove those.
  7. Cover and increase the heat to medium/low (#4) for ~30 minutes. The water should remain gently boiling.
  8. Check beans, and if necessary, add more water.
  9. Turn heat back down to low and cook until soft. The pot should remain at a gentle simmer.
  10. When the lentils/beans mash with light pressure using a wooden spoon against the wall of the pot, the lentils are cooked.
  11. When the legumes are cooked, vegetables can be added – typically a few different kinds.
  12. Add sea salt. It’s better to add salt in the end so the skin of the beans doesn’t get hard. You only need half as much salt as what might be needed if added in the beginning. Unlike with metal pots, the salt, even if added in the end, gets well incorporated. Other spices such as coriander powder and red chili powder can be added at this time. After about 5-7 minutes the spices should be well incorporated. The dish should taste savory at this point.
  13. Reduce heat to low. Incorporate digestive spices at this point. Add 1-2 tsp. sesame seed oil, cover and let the oil heat up for 2 minutes, then add the digestive spices: cumin & mustard (and optionally hing). Lightly “touch” the spices down so they can get coated with the oil. Cover and let them cook for 2-3 minutes.
  14. Turn the stove off, stir the pot to incorporate the spices and let rest for 5-10 minutes.
  15. Garnish with cilantro and recover pot for a minute or two.


  • Most lentils and beans do not require presoaking – even for those with digestive issues. This is because of MECs far infrared heat which is gentle, penetrates deeper and cooks from the inside out. That said, it does not hurt to pre-soak.
  • Try cooking whole & non-whole grain (split) lentils or legumes together. Split lentils and legumes make the dish creamier. Whole lentils and legumes make the recipe healthier and increase fiber content. The far infrared heat cooks both types to a perfect consistency.
  • 3 popular types of beans and the benefits of cooking them in MEC.


  • Dried peas will benefit from at least a 1 hour soak before cooking.

Comparing Cooking times

  • Most lentils cook in about the same time or less than it takes to cook in a metal pot, all in medium heat or less!
  • If beans take 40 minutes in a pressure cooker, they will take about 60 minutes in a clay pot.

More benefits of far infrared heat

  • Does not move the food around in the pot too much, and thus prevents bean from getting mushy.
  • Moves in even, tight concentric circles because of the way the pot was shaped and thus evenly & thoroughly cooks your food.

Some more recipe ideas

  • Beans & lentils are not usually cooked by themselves. For every cup of lentils, the pot might contain – 1 t. cumin, 1 medium onion, 4 cloves garlic, 1 t. turmeric, 1/2 dried red chili, 2 t. coriander power.
  • Some lentils can be cooked with rice – those that require the same cooking time. Beans and rice do not cook well together because the beans will take much longer to cook. Remember, beans only cook faster with double the amount of lentils.
  • Some people like to cook one type of beans such as garbanzo to use throughout the week.

Breads – sourdough

Q: What is the best vessel to let the dough rise in?

A: Anything will work, however, sourdough should rise best in clay because the dough can pull in oxygen from the outside of the pot. A cracked MEC pot would work fine for this purpose.

Q: Should you bake it in a medium MEC pot or on a clay griddle?

A: If you want a softer crust, you can make the bread in the pot covered with it’s lid. If you want a nice, harder consistency, the griddle works great.

Cakes and quick breads

  • See how to use clay in an oven.
  • Grease the inside of the pot with a healthy vegetable oil such as coconut, sesame, or olive. Do not use butter, it cooks into the pot and does not provide a good non-stick barrier.
  • Dust a light coating of flour on top of the oil before adding the batter.
  • Cover the pot. You can crack the lid towards the end of cooking for some browning.


Hard (or soft) boiled

My favorite way to cook eggs in MEC clay is to hard boil them. The reason is they are so moist and tasty, and the process is so simple – plus they peal so easy. At first I was skeptical since far infrared heat cooks from the inside out. I was worried the yolks would be over done. However, this is definitely not the case.


  1. Optional, take the eggs out of the refrigerator at least an hour ahead of time so that they come up to room temperature before cooking – your cooking time will be shorter.
  2. Put ~1″ of water in pot.
  3. Place eggs in pot and cover.
  4. Cook for ~30 minutes on low heat (#2). Time will be less if you start cooking the eggs at room temp, you use higher heat, or you want the eggs soft boiled.
  5. Turn the stove off, and let the eggs sit in the pot for ~10 minutes. If you skip this step, the shell will be harder to peel.
  6. Cool eggs in a separate pot of cold water for a minutes or two.
  7. Crack and peel shell.


  • I often add the eggs on top of something I’m already cooking (e.g. rice, oatmeal, soup) – and cook two things in the same pot at the same time. MEC says that this can actually be beneficial as minerals such as calcium in the shell are absorbed in other foods. Also, I’m saving energy.


My next favorite method is steaming the eggs

See web article “Steamed egg for upset tummies”.

Easy to digest foods are good for our bodies even if we are not sick, they allow our bodies to focus on repair and other functions.

The web recipe below is easy and tasty, it reminds me of a frittata (an easy dish to make at the last minute with whatever vegetables you have on hand). On my gas stove, I always use a diffuser when steaming eggs. I seem to have less sticking issues when using a diffuser. I keep the heat setting at 3 the entire time. I find if I go higher (or cook my eggs too long), the eggs will stick to my pot. Don’t worry about adding so much water to the eggs mixture, it really does turn out fine in clay.

Egg Jjim

The above recipe boils the water first – before adding the eggs. I think the below recipe is simpler, and seems to work as well, if not better.

I made the above recipe. A problem I typically have with steamed eggs is sticking, and then I dread the clean up. I kept waiting for the last bit of liquid to disappear, but it never did and I think I over cooked the eggs a bit. Actually the eggs didn’t taste overcooked, but there was a little bit of brown on the bottom of the pot that I wish wasn’t there. After removing the eggs from the pot, I added about 1-2 cups of water to let the pot soak. When cleaning the pot, the brown scraped off pretty easy with my fingernails.

I didn’t have green onions, so I added what I had – a bit of red onion, some lion’s mane mushrooms, and some baby greens. The recipe suggested serving the rice and topping with sesame oil. I decided to top with broccoli microgreens and sesame oil, and had a avocado on the side.

My variation of the above steamed egg recipe – a little liquid remained
My pot before I started soaking it.


The most delicious poached eggs I’ve ever made have been in a clay pot. Also, the poached eggs stay more in tact when cooked in a clay pot.


  1. Put about 3″ of water in pot.
  2. Cover pot and bring water to a rapid boil.
  3. Break each egg into a small bowl and gently pour the egg into the boiling water.
  4. Lower heat or turn heat off.
  5. Cover and cook eggs 4-5 minutes.
  6. Best to remove eggs with a slotted spoon.


Use cold, very fresh eggs. Fresh eggs have tighter whites and you’ll get more of a spherical shape.

Optional: Some people break their eggs into a strainer first to drain off the loose liquid portion that creates the feathering when added to boiling water.

Optional: For 1-2 eggs, you can stir to create a vortex before pouring the eggs into the water. When you pour the eggs into the water, pour them into the center of the vortex.

Scrambled with vegetables

Method 1

  1. Warm pot with ~ 1/2 cup water.
  2. Add ~1 t. oil.
  3. Add egg mixture (might contain eggs, sesame seeds, green chili, salt).
  4. Cook for ~5-10 minutes on low with lid on.
  5. Stir.
  6. Continue cooking until almost done.
  7. Turn stove off and let rest for a few minutes.

Method 2

  1. Cook veggies first (e.g. onion, mushrooms, broccoli, potatoes).
  2. Clear some space in the center of the vegetables.
  3. Crack the eggs into this space.
  4. Cook for ~5 minutes on low with lid on.
  5. Scramble (stir) everything together.
  6. Turn stove off and let rest for a few minutes.


I do not have “sticking” problems with clay, except for eggs. I’m still working on my technique.

Some suggestions for sticking issues

  • Add eggs to a warm, pre heated pot.
  • When adding eggs to the pot, let them cook undisturbed for a bit (until they begin to solidify), and then stir them occasionally.
  • Make sure the cooking temp is not too hot. I like to remain at low heat.
  • Use a diffuser, even if you have a gas stove.
  • If eggs appear to be sticking, sprinkle some water around the outside edges and let the pot rest with the heat off. (This trick works for sticking grains as well)


Dairy & dairy substitutes (yogurt, kefir)

See Easy Homemade Yogurt for instructions on how to make yogurt. It contains general yogurt making information and well as clay pot specific information.

Vegetables (saurkraut, kimchi, beets)

You will need a separate fermentation pot.

Cover the pot with a damp piece of cheesecloth. If the cheese cloth has a loose weave, use it double thickness. The purpose of the cheese cloth is to restrict the air flow.

Grains & beans (dosa, idli, natto, tempeh, etc.)

  • Clay results in a better and faster ferment.
  • The far infra-red heat of clay can be used to cook idlis which are placed in a stainless steamer inside the clay pot.

General fermentation instructions:

  1. Add ingredients.
  2. Cover with lid.
  3. Ferment.


  • Miriam’s dosa batter rises better (and faster) in clay.

Idli cooking instructions

  1. Pour the fermented rice/bean batter into the molds of a stainless steel idli stand.
  2. Add about 1″ of water to the clay pot.
  3. Place the idli stand inside the clay pot.
  4. Steam about 30 minutes.


  • The idlis will be noticeably softer than when cooked in a stainless pot.

Beverages (water kefir, kombucha, etc.)

Seems more like fermented vegetables?

Fish stock

Being from the sea, it contains more minerals, and is probably more nutritious than bone broth. In his book, Cure Tooth Decay, Ramiel Nagel prefers fish stock over bone broth. The way I look at it, variety is always good. I make both fish stock and bone broth.

When purchasing fish, I always try to purchase whole fish so that I will have the head and bones to make stock. If my timing is just right at the market, I can pick up a whole red snapper head at a very economical price. This makes some of the best fish stock I have found, plus there is still some fish left of the head, which I remove after about 10 minutes of cooking. I use it to make a few meals for my husband and I.

Fish and seafood

Normally frozen seafood packages say to thaw contents before using. If not thawed first, uneven cooking will result – outside overdone, interior underdone.

Thawing first is not necessary when cooking with clay and infrared heat.

Jollof rice, red cabbage, carrots, shrimp and spices

Ex: If using shrimp in a recipe and the shrimp is frozen, don’t bother to thaw, just add it frozen – see picture to the left. Everything cooked together beautifully in 30 minutes. See Frozen foods below.

As an aside, solar oven directions also say it is not necessary to thaw frozen foods before adding them. The heat produced by a solar oven is somewhat similar to clay – it’s very gentle.

Salmon with potatoes and broccoli

  1. Cut salmon into a few pieces.
  2. Marinate the salmon (sprinkle with salt, pepper, paprika).
  3. Add oil, ginger, onion & chili to the pot.
  4. When steam builds, add potatoes & stir.
  5. When potatoes are 1/2 cooked, add broccoli (and a sprinkle of water) & stir.
  6. When potatoes are mostly done, add salmon & stir.
  7. When salmon is mostly done, turn off heat and let pot rest a few minutes.

Flat bread

MEC flat bread pan works best. Cast iron skillet can be substituted.


Amazing 1-Ingredient Gluten-Free Tortillas

Frozen foods

Freezing changes the structure of the food. Frozen food which is defrosted, takes slightly less time to cook than it’s fresh equivalent. Usually with frozen foods, I prefer to let it partially defrost. For something like salmon, that would mean about 10-20 minutes on the countertop. This partial defrosting helps it to remain in tack better during the cooking process.



  1. Steam clean pot to remove residues if not using a dedicated dairy clay pot.
  2. Heat butter gently on stove until separated. I prefer lower heat and longer time. I simply use heat setting #2 for the duration of cooking.
  3. Skim scum off of the top.
  4. Strain liquid – use a double thickness of cheese cloth or a very fine strainer. When straining, don’t include the solids at the bottom of the clay pot.
  5. Pour solids at the bottom of the clay pot into a tall glass. The solids will sink to the bottom of the glass and a little bit of usable ghee will remain on top.


  • I’ll make ghee when my yogurt pot is empty. Then when I’m done making ghee, I’ll make another pot of yogurt.
  • I get more impurities rising to the top when I use clay instead of metals.


Be sure to use a fully seasoned pot.

Why clay is so beneficial?

Traditionally, meats have to be seared on high heat to break down the tough connective tissue (collagen). Far-infrared heat cooks the meats perfectly – without burning (and charring).

Meats turn out tender and moist without marinating.

Oven or stove top?

Can cook on the stove or in the oven. If using the oven, know the rules for cooking in an oven.

Whole chunk of meat (where there is at least 2″ of thickness), then oven might be better. The oven cooks from all sides, including the top of the pot. The oven produces a dryer heat than the stove top.

Something like a curry is best cooked on the store.

If roasting a turkey where the lid doesn’t fit on the pot, it’s best to roast uncovered in the oven.

Generic oven cooking recipe

  1. Rub spices on meat.
  2. Add 1/2 cup of water, some vegetables (carrots, beans, potatoes etc.,) then add meat on top.
  3. Set oven to 250 and place pot inside the oven.
  4. After 10 minutes raise heat to 400 and continues cooking.
  5. If browning is desired, crack lid during last 10 minutes of cooking.

Cooking tips

  • Meats on the bone cook faster than meats off the bone
  • Cooking meats with the following spices greatly aids digestibility – turmeric, cumin, coriander, and fennel.

Stove top cooking Is it necessary to brown ground beef or cook chicken prior to adding into the pot?

Unlike with most conventional cookware, it is not necessary to take the additional step of cooking ground beef and chicken separately prior to adding other ingredients.
When making combination dishes, cook the meat or poultry with the initial spices until its cooked three-quarters (3/4) of the way through. Then add the other ingredients into the same pot and cook the dish through until fully done. Just before turning stove off, turn it to low heat and uncover lid partially for 5-10 mins, meats brown naturally in this process letting you avoid the use of different and additional pots and more cleaning. Bon Appetit!




  • Use a dairy pot
  • Bring milk to a full boil before adding acid such as lemon juice.

Pasta or spaghetti

With stainless, you need to add a lot of water to pasta so it won’t stick together – with clay, this is not necessary.

What to look for if purchasing processed grains

  1. Air-dried or low-temperature dried – more of the nutrients will be preserved, heat destroys nutrients.
  2. Extruded with bronze dies – less processed because molds are not used.

Making your own pasta is easy

  1. Mix flour and water.
  2. Roll and and cut in stripes.

Cooking with just enough water to be incorporated in the pasta – no draining necessary

Can make many easy one-pot meals using this method with your clay pot.

Cooking instructions

  1. Let the spices, vegetables, meat cook to 1/2 point – optional
  2. Add water to the pot.
    • The pasta:water ratio is about 1:2. If that’s hard to figure out, submerge the pasta in water – and have the water cover the pasta by one knuckle.
    • If you’ve added ingredients in step 1, stir the ingredients with the water so the flavors mix with the water.
  3. Cover the pot and let it build up steam.
    • This will help to tighten the pasta so the texture is al dente and not sticky.
  4. Add pasta.
  5. Cook till pasta is almost done.
    • Using a fork, press the pasta against the wall of the pot to check if it’s almost done.
  6. Turn off stove.
  7. Let rest 5 minutes until al dente.
  8. Serve.

Let water come to a rolling boil for 10 minutes, then add your pasta or spaghetti (at the same 1:2 ratio). Cover and cook till done. No need to stir often. Turn stove off 5 minutes before water is fully absorbed. 2 cups of pasta (which will become slightly more than double in volume after cooking) takes 20 mins to cook.



  • Even with the addition of a little extra oil before adding the pasta, you may find the pasta sticks a bit. However, this method is so simple and easy, I prefer it over the multi-step traditional way of cooking pasta with extra water. If I don’t want any sticking at all, I put in some extra liquid and call it a soup.
  • You can substitute bone broth for the liquid – making it easy to get more bone broth into the diet.


Healthy and Easy One-pot Spaghetti Primavera

Cooking with extra water – draining necessary

  1. Add water.
    • You don’t need as much extra water as you do in a metal pot.
    • You don’t need to wait for the water to boil before adding the pasta.
  2. Add pasta.
  3. Cover and cook on medium-low.
  4. Check the pot in 20-25 minutes.
  5. Strain excess water.
    • If you empty the pot of all it’s contents, this will cause a sudden temperature change for the pot. To mitigate this, add one cup of room temperature water to the clay pot to help absorb some of the heat that remains in the clay.
    • If you continue to add extra ingredients to the pot, no need to add water to absorb heat.


Rice, quinoa, amaranth, millet, couscous, oats and other grains turn out exceptionally well. Since the pot is breathable it allows the excess moisture in the food to evaporate letting the grains turn out soft and fluffy, each grain separate from the other.

You can cook any grains in MEC following the same 1:2 ratio of grains to water. If the grain has an outer fiber component, add an extra 1/2 cup of water. With a new MEC pot, use 3 cups of water.


One good rule of thumb to keep in mind with other grains is that if the grains are softer than rice (oatmeal, semolina from wheat and teff), let the water heat up for at least 5-10 mins before adding the them to the pot. If grains are as hard as rice or harder, you can add the water and grains at the same time to the pot.

Cooking instructions

  1. Rinse grain to remove possible debris and starch, optional for all grains except quinoa. Quinoa always requires a through rinsing.
    • On the outer layer of the grain are the most nutrients. Washing is a trade-off because you want these nutrients, but you don’t want the starch. However, in a clay pot, it doesn’t matter so much if you have starch. The complex carbs are preserved and this helps the starches to break down more effectively.
    • I’ll usually give my par-boiled white rice a quick rinse. Soaking is not necessary, and more of the nutrients in the outer layer would be lost.
    • If I use black rice, I even skip the rinse – because there are so many nutrients on the outer layer.
  2. Add spices to the pot, optional.
    • Use oil or a sprinkle of water.
    • Let the spices warm for a few minutes, till you see stream build up inside the pot.
  3. Add grains and stir into spice mixture (if using one).
    • This allows for the grains to take in the aroma and flavors from the spices.
  4. Add water – the ratio of most whole grains to water is 1:2.
    • If the pot is new, use 1/2 cup more water.
    • If there are liquids already in the pot from vegetables/meats and spices, reduce the ratio.
  5. Cook about 20-30 minutes, or until you see steam coming out or you notice a delicious fragrance.
  6. Let the pot sit on the stove covered for an additional 5-10 minutes.
    • This allows the steam to settle.


  • If you want to save energy, when the pot is 1/2 covered with simmer bubbles, you can turn off the heat and simply allow the food to finish cooking.
  • Grains can be made sweet or savory depending on spices added. Some savory examples – turmeric, red chili powder, ginger, garlic
  • There is synergy to adding butter or ghee after cooking and letting it melt in.

Required for metal cookware, but not MEC

  • Soak grains – this allows each grain to absorb water and therefore stick less to other grains while cooking.
  • Saute grains for a few minutes in vegetable oil before adding water.


Rice and Vegetables
Prep Time15 mins
Cook Time20 mins
Servings: 4
  • 1 tsp oil plant based – sesame, coconut, olive, etc.
  • spices garlic, cumin, etc.
  • 1 cup rice
  • 2 cups water or broth
  • 1-2 cups vegetables carrots, snow peas, peppers, brocolli, etc.
  • Add oil and spice
  • Add vegetables and cook until about half done – about 5-10 minutes depending on the vegetables
  • Add rice and mix with vegetables
  • Add water or broth
  • Continue cooking for about 20 minutes or until done (you see steam excaping)
Veggies don’t get overdone. The uniform or even cooking that far-infrared heat provides doesn’t cause veggies to overcook. When grains are added at the point when veggies are half cooked, heat is transferred to cook grains and bring to temp first, when grains reach temperature and doneness of that of veggies, then the pot continues to cook all ingredients to completion.
The overall flavor is best when the vegetables are added first as the recipe suggests.


Oatmeal and porridge have more liquid than grains such as rice. Congee has more liquid than oatmeal and porridge. The more liquid nature of congee makes it very easy to digest and it is often served to people who are ill.

Combine grains of similar cooking times, or add the longer cooking grains first.

Rolled oats cook in about 1/2 the time of steel cut oats. Some people say the longer cooking time of steel cut oats requires stirring twice, and even then it sometimes sticks. Some people like to purchase whole oat/groats and use an oat roller to produce their own rolled oats.

As for optional add-ins, there are numerous possibilities…. Many people like adding things such as cinnamon, chia, ground flax, nuts, and dates. In addition to add-ins, I love topping my oatmeal with some homemade fresh yogurt made in a clay bowl.


Buckwheat porridge

Miriam says it’s best to dry roast slightly before adding water and cooking into porridge. You should only do this in a well seasoned pot.

  1. Add the dry buckwheat to the pot and cover.
  2. Set the heat on low for 5-10 minutes.
  3. Add water to the pot and cook as usual.

Amaranth, Rice, and Coconut Porridge Recipe

can substitute 3 dates for maple syrup; according to Ayurveda, honey should not be heated or cooked; I’ve been looking for a good way to use amaranth, cooking it plain, is too boring.


  • Rice is best not stirred.
  • Traditionally par-boiled white rice was used – it is healthier than plain white rice
  • Traditionally brown rice was not used. However, brown rice does have more fiber, and for some people this may be beneficial for a time.
  • Unprocessed (not bleached, not enriched, not instant) is also good.
  • You can cook white rice and brown rice together – use double the amount of white rice. The longer cooking brown rice will cook in about the same time as white rice – similar to the idea of cooking beans and lentils together.


Not all seaweed is a super food. Select naturally processed seaweed such as kelp, dulse, or alaria. Seaweed such as nori sheets are not very nutritious. They are too highly processed.

How to use

Often you’ll read to presoak seaweed; however, this is not necessary with the far infrared heat of clay. Simply add the seaweed at the beginning of cooking. I use a pre-cut mix of sea vegetables from Maine Seaweed.

I add 1 tsp – 1 tablespoon of sea veggies per person. I add sea vegetables to most of my dishing – rice, lentil, soup, stew, etc. Depending on the dish, others don’t even notice the addition of seaweed, but I know that I have added valuable trace minerals and anti-cancer compounds.

I’m an educator at heart, I’ve been harvesting seaweed for food and medicine for 45 years, and if we only had a couple of minutes for me to give you my best advice about seaweed (the elevator pitch, in other words), it would be, “Learn to make soup because the nutrients in seaweed are best transferred to you through hot water extracts, not cold water extracts. Those nutrients include iodine, trace minerals, and fucoidan, an anti-cancer compound. As for other methods of consuming seaweeds, such as roasting or grinding to powders, much is lost in the process. Don’t waste your time. The best way to discover seaweeds is to purchase a Variety Pack with Cookbook for $50.

Larch Hanson

Why should I include seafood in my diet?

There are important health benefits to be gained from adding seaweed to our diet. Through seaweeds, the earth’s sea-blood strengthens our own sea-blood that we carry within us. As our air and water become more acidified through pollution, minerals are leached and depleted from our land fields, and they wash down to the sea, where the wild seaweeds incorporate them. When we eat seaweeds, we take these minerals back into our bodies, and these minerals help us maintain an alkaline condition in our bloodstream, which is a healthy condition, resistant to fatigue and stress.

Seaweeds have admirable qualities: they are flexible, they are tenacious, they are prolific, and they are the oldest family of plants on earth. These plants link us to the primitive vitality of the sea. They strengthen our own primitive glandular system and nervous system.

Don’t fear salt. Salt is necessary to life. If you are willing to sweat, you can move salt through you, and in the process, you will be actively creating your life and your dream from the universe-intelligent structures of the complex salts and trace elements that are available in seaweeds. Your body is an antenna, and your body can’t receive and comprehend the whole message from Universe unless it contains all the trace elements of the Universe. Quality counts more than quantity. If you eat the more complex salts of seaweeds, you will have less craving for simple junk food salt, and you will find yourself becoming more whole, satisfied and healthy.

Larch Hanson, Maine Seaweed

Can seaweed help build your immunity?

90% of human immunity is called “nonspecific immunity”. We carry a salty inner ocean in our bloodstream, and most critters that crawl into us cannot live in a well-mineralized bloodstream. They become quite literally dehydrated through osmosis. The solution? Use our seaweed Soup Mix to ensure that your blood is well-mineralized.

Larch Hanson


Beans, lentils, nuts & seeds


Stews, soups, curries

Cooking instructions

  1. Add water, the main or base ingredients and any spices all at the same time and start cooking. Main ingredients might include potatoes, carrots, beetroots, etc.
  2. Start the stove on low, increase to medium in about 5-7 minutes and let it cook.
  3. Add fast cooking vegetables like peas, cauliflower, broccoli, etc, towards the end of the cooking time.
  4. It’s a good idea to let the pot gently simmer a bit towards the end of the cooking process. Perhaps 10 mins or so…


Search the Internet for “tagine recipes”. They turn out equally delicious in clay pots.

Teas and concoctions

Herbal remedies are traditionally brewed in unglazed clay – this produces a more potent brew than modern cookware.

Decoctions made from roots and bark

  1. Put ingredients in pot and cover.
  2. Bring water to a full rolling boil. In a clay pot, the water will not come to a full rolling boil until everyone of its ingredients is cooked. (If it’s just a little boil, there is a bit more cooking to be done.)
  3. Continue on a full boil for 5 minutes. If you see steam coming out, it has been at a full boil for a bit too long – don’t worry, the tea will still be fine.
  4. Turn heat off.

Infusions – made from tender leaves and flowers

  1. Bring water to a full rolling boil.
  2. Turn heat off.
  3. Add ingredients and stir.
  4. Cover and steep for the required amount of time. The steeping time for a clay pot infusion is the same as a regular infusion.

Two step brewing – decoction plus infusion

  1. Make the decoction according to the above decoction instructions.
  2. After you turn off the heat for the decoction, add the infusion ingredients.
  3. Continue making the infusion according to the above infusion instructions.


  • Dried herbs are more concentrated than fresh – use less.
  • For more delicate herbs like mint leaves, just wash and add to pot.
  • For roots such as ginger, either chop, mash, or grate.

Removing the tea ingredients

  • It’s not necessary, you can usually ladle tea from the middle of the pot – roots and bark will sink to the bottom, herbs and flowers will gather on the side.
  • Or – use a strainer.
  • Or – use an organic cotton type tea bag when you place the ingredients in the pot. When done, you can simply remove the bag – be sure to give it a good squeeze to get the last bit of liquid out.


  • Make fresh each day.
  • Can brew a big batch to last the entire day.
  • Do not cool unused tea, best to let it sit on the counter.
  • Many concoctions are best consumed hot to warm – if your concoction has cooled off, simply reheat it on the stove (warm it, but do not boil it).

If I brew a big batch of tea for the entire day, can I simply reheat the pot with the remaining tea?

At first I had second thoughts about doing this. Perhaps you are heating a water logged pot? That’s how I got into trouble with my bone broth. I made back to back batches of bone broth and was heating a water logged pot and got a crack.

Miriam explains that it is different in this case. When you reheat the tea, the pot is only 3/4 full, so there is not so much pressure. It will be fine reheating tea.

Dosing – general guidelines, depends on your situation

  • Maintenance dose – one cup, 1-2 times a day.
  • Therapeutic does – one cup, 3-4 times a day.
  • If used medicinally, best taken away from meals – at least 45 mins before or after.

2nd brewing

If you want to get the most use possible out of your tea ingredients, do a second brewing. The 2nd brewing in a clay pot will be more flavorful than the 2nd brewing in a stainless pot.

If making the 2nd brewing the following day, keep the tea ingredients in the refrigerator over night.

Dedicated clay tea pot

  • Some people choose to have a dedicated clay tea pot – especially if they make tea every day.
  • Others use an everyday cooking clay pot. If they have just made something like spicy chili, they steam clean their pot before making tea. If they forget to steam clean, their tea will not have the flavor they desire. If your pot is used for things like oatmeal, you may be able to get away without steam cleaning. As long as you keep the pot covered, pressure should build in the pot, and push any residuals in the clay further into the clay.

Recipe suggestions

Make Your Own Herbal Teas (Mother Earth News)

Anti-Inflammatory Kadha/Concoction (Dr.Kalpna Ranadive video)


When vegetables cook in stainless cookware, they lose their vibrant color when done. Because of clay’s infrared heat and porous nature, vegetables will retain their vibrant color when done. To check for doneness, you can press the vegetables against the side of the pot, or do a taste test.


  • Don’t use animal fat for cooking plant food.
  • If you see steam coming from the pot, your vegetables are done.
  • Combine vegetables with similar cook times, else account for different cooking times. For example, add potatoes and cook, then add cauliflower and cook a bit more. If you added potatoes and cauliflower at the same time, the cauliflower would remain intact, but still be too soft when the potatoes are done.
  • Ghee, butter or oil can be added at the end of cooking.

Fresh tomatoes

Store canned tomatoes often contain unhealthy ingredients – some of which are not mentioned on the label. Miriam prefers to simply use fresh tomatoes towards the beginning of cooking.


  1. Add initial ingredients – they are usually chopped onions, chopped garlic or ginger, and chopped tomatoes.
  2. Cook covered for 5-7 minutes. You need a good amount of heat in the pot and steam to build up.
  3. Open the lid and smash tomatoes against the side of the pot’s walls.
  4. Continue with recipe.


The skins on tomatoes are considered indigestible. I know people who blanch tomatoes for a minutes and then remove their skin before cooking in stainless. This is not necessary with MEC – the skins cooked in MEC are digestible. People cooking tomatoes in MEC comment that stools no longer contain tomato skins. The same may apply to other foods you normally can’t digest – such as corn.

Yogurt, kefir

Yogurt: Clay pot vs. pyrex

See yogurt recipe

One-pot meals


It’s easier to cook fresh food

Food has it’s most energy/oxygen/prana/chi immediately after cooking. After 24 hours (even under refrigeration), it has lost much of this energy.

Cook right before food is to be consumed.

  • If you have no time in the morning, prepare oatmeal ingredients in pot the night before, and simply add water and cook in the morning.
  • If you have no time in the evening to prepare dinner, prepare vegetables and spices in the pot earlier in the day and simply add liquid ingredients and cook in the evening.

Once cooked, food kept in clay remains fresher than food kept in metals or glass.

Foods cooked together are more digestible than foods cooked separately

One pot meals can be very beneficial health wise – especially if you have weak digestion.

Clay knows which foods need cooking, and delivers the heat to those foods

I know this sounds mysterious, but this is what Miriam says and this is also what my experience has shown me.

For example if I’m cooking a one pot dish of rice, veggies and salmon, I see this play out. I start by cooking my vegetables a bit, then add rice. If I add my salmon when my rice is half done, my salmon will take about 15 minutes to cook. If I add my salmon when my rice is almost done, my salmon will cook in less than 5 minutes.

However, if you add something like spinach at the beginning which really only needs a minute or two of cooking, it will be overdone by the time the rice is done. Very quick cooking foods like spinach should be added during the resting period after cooking is complete, and they will be cooked, but green and vibrant.

Less clean up

Only one pot to wash



If your mornings are hurried, you can put all the dry ingredients in the pot the previous night. First thing when you wake up in the morning, add water and heat – then go about your morning routine. Warm oatmeal will be ready in about 20 minutes.

Pasta & vegetables

  • oil?
  • add garlic (smashed & chopped?) & 2 tomatoes (cut)
  • cook for 10 minutes to soften – skin??
  • smash tomatoes on side to create liquid – sides of pot are a bit rough and perfect for smashing against
  • add water, pasta & vegetables

Sweet potatoes, greens & whole chestnuts

Sweet potatoes & greens – top with hemp seeds after cooking

Vegetables, potatoes, & seafood

  1. Let the potatoes, vegetables and tomatoes cook for 10 minutes (they should be half done). This will allow for the juices from the potato/onions, etc. to cook out and let the dish contain some moisture and flavor before adding the fish, which will then cook even faster taking up these flavors and heat.
  2. Add fish. All the ingredients will be brought to completion at the same time.

Notes: You can do this on the stove top or in the oven. It will take longer in the oven, but perhaps you will be less likely to overcook your fish.

Vegetables, grains, & seafood

  1. add 1 t. oil, 1 t. cumin, 1/2 onion, 3 cloves garlic, 1/2″ ginger (pealed) – cook 3 minutes
  2. add cut tomatoes – cook 5 minutes, then smash
  3. add veggies – cook 5-7 minutes
  4. add 1 cup grains
  5. stir
  6. add water or broth
  7. cook ~15-20 minutes
  8. add seafood – oysters/clams/shrimp/salmon
  9. cook 3-5 minutes
  10. let rest a few minutes
  11. serve


  • see grains above
  • get better overall flavor when veggies are added before grains veggies don’t get overdone

Rice, carrots, cracked eggs (top)

Vegetables topped with cracked eggs/salmon/fish

Chicken and root veggies in oven

In order of decreasing amount

  • Sunchokes (or Jerusalem artichokes)
  • Parsnip
  • Apples
  • Chicken sausage
  • Chicken breast pieces
  • Watermelon radish
  • A bit of cumin, caraway seeds, fennel powder, black pepper, salt
  • 1/2 cup water

Baked in oven at 250 for 10mins, then up to 405 for about 50 mins

To give good flavor often a bed of potatoes, carrots, celery, onions & herbs is put into the pan first, then the meat (rubbed with salt & pepper) is laid on top. If the pan is dry, add a few tablespoons of water to 1/2 cup water. The vegetables and meat will ultimately produce more liquid.


  • salt & pepper meat
  • put on a bed of root vegetables
  • add spices and 1/2 cup water/wine/broth
  • cover & cook for ~1 hour
  • crack lid 1-2″ last 10 minutes of cooking for browning
  • let chicken rest about 15 minutes before carving (lid cracked?)


if the turkey is so big that lid won’t cover it, just roast the turkey the entire time uncovered.

cook time ~2.5-3 hours

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Amanda Melillo
Amanda Melillo
1 year ago

You mention when roasting a turkey in the oven if the lid doesn’t fit then it should be left uncovered. So use a lid if it fits? if not, will the turkey not dry out from being uncovered the entire time?

1 year ago

if making tea or coffee, can i let the remaining batch sit in the pot for the rest of the day on the counter and then reheat when necessary?

1 year ago

Should the pot be filled to a certain level when cooking? In other words, if I just wanted to purchase one large pot to cook everything, is it ok to use a large pot if sometimes I only have a small amount of food to cook and possibly only the bottom inch or so of the pot contains food?

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